El criollismo Literario

El criollismo Literario

El Criollismo

El Criollismo es una corriente literaria que surge en la última década  del siglo XIX y se extiende hasta 1929. Antes de entender que es el criollismo es necesario, comprender ¿Qué es el criollo?


El término Criollo fue utilizado primitivamente por Garcilaso de la Vega. Y se empleaba para designar “a los hijos de españoles nacidos en las Indias” y este término comenzó a tomar mayor trascendencia y se comienza a  registrar su  usó en los libros, con la finalidad de nombrar a  los hijos de padres españoles que nació en América.

Para el siglo XVIII, se usaba para expresar una clase social o una categoría específica. Pero más adelante se transforma en una escuela literaria.

Y se empleaba,  el término  criollista  para expresa lo nacional lo autónomo, lo propio y distintivo de todos los paises de hispanoamerica.


La literatura del criollismo

La literatura Criollista fue, en gran parte del siglo XIX una literatura de carácter campesino o nativista. Este movimiento incluye elementos de varias corrientes literarias:

 Modernismo  ➜  Toman el Lenguaje elaborado.

Naturalismo   ➜ Toman esa idea de que el  ambiente  va determinar la  conducta humana.

Realismo         ➜   Toman la denuncia sociopolítica.

Además es un movimiento en el cual, predominaban los paisajes, ambientes coloridos o de temática local.

En el Criollismo  se exaltaba los espacios de  los campos, porque se creían que estos conservaban mejor la costumbres primitivas.  Por eso, los primeros registros de literatura criollista surgieron en el costumbrismo.



Características del Criollismo Literario

  • En el Criollismo predominaba los temas y motivos , que rodeaban la  realidad rural hispanoamericana.
  • Hay un aborrecimiento por la imitación a  los español como los costumbristas.
  • Además usaban  técnicas y estructuras , provenientes de los modelos  pos- naturalistas del XIX.
  • Los Narradores eran marcados por dos estilo:
    • El narrador: son los que tiene una habla culta, embellecida y preciosista. 
    • Los personajes : Que se caracterizaban por tener un popular y vernácula.
  • Es una literatura donde el autor, busca plasmar una realidad objetiva de propuesta y denuncia.
  • Una característica fundamental es que cada autor, le da a su texto el aspecto geográfico, la situación socioeconómica y política de su país de origen. Pero aún así, todo los textos criollistas buscan redescubrir y definir lo hispanoamericano.


Autores y obras del Criollismo

Luis Manuel Urbaneja Achelpohl                            Alejo Carpentier

Mario  Vargas Llosa                                                   Mariano Latorre


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