Sema,  Clasemas, Sememas y  Lexemas 

Sema,  Clasemas, Sememas y  Lexemas 

Definición de

Sema,  Clasemas, Sememas y  Lexemas

La tradición lingüística,  menciona que el plano de la comunicación y la expresión están compuestas  de determinadas estructuras que de cierta manera el lector o hablante  puede descomponer desde las unidades mayores hasta las más mínimas.  y en todo los niveles todas esas estructuras van a significar.

 

Construcción del plano de la comunicación

El plano de la comunicación está compuesto de estructuras mayores que son: los párrafo, las oraciones y las frases

 Sema,  Clasemas, Sememas y  Lexemas 

Y las estructuras menores son: las palabras, las sílabas, las letras o fonemas.

Como se observó en el esquema los significados de un texto se pueden descomponer en unidades mínimas  de significación semántica.

Todas esas unidades mínimas se pueden definir:

Definiciones  Sema,  Clasemas, Sememas y  Lexemas  

El sema

  • Se define sema como la unidad mínima de significación, que no se puede realizar  de manera independiente.
  • Es más bien un concepto abstracto que permite descomponer el significado.
  • Tienen un carácter binario.
  • En el sema se pueden denominar rasgo y componentes semánticos.
  • Y los que son de carácter denotativo son los que el núcleo significativo, de aquellos semas son connotativos y tiene un carácter inestable.

El clasema

  • Se define el clasema, como un conjunto de semas genéricos de un semema.
  • Es también  es un rasgo distintivo mediante los cuales se define una clase léxica.

El semema

  • El Semema se define como el conjunto de semas que caracterizan un lexema;
  • Y un lexema está compuesto por un conjunto de semas

El archisemema:

  • Se va definir archisemema como el sema, que comparte todos los sememas de un campo semánticos.
  • Estos pueden expresarse en un  archilexema.

El lexema:

  • Se le denomina lexema al elemento que contiene la significación de una palabra.
  • Es lo que tradicionalmente se conoce como Raíz.

El campo semántico :

  • El campo semánticos se denomina al conjunto de estructuras paradigmáticas constituidas por unidades léxicas.
  • Son elemento que se reparten una zona de significación que son comunes.

 

Ejemplo de identificación de
Sema,  Clasemas, Sememas y  Lexemas Sema,  Clasemas, Sememas y  Lexemas 

 

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