Sema,  Clasemas, Sememas y  Lexemas 

Sema,  Clasemas, Sememas y  Lexemas 

Definición de

Sema,  Clasemas, Sememas y  Lexemas

La tradición lingüística,  menciona que el plano de la comunicación y la expresión están compuestas  de determinadas estructuras que de cierta manera el lector o hablante  puede descomponer desde las unidades mayores hasta las más mínimas.  y en todo los niveles todas esas estructuras van a significar.


Construcción del plano de la comunicación

El plano de la comunicación está compuesto de estructuras mayores que son: los párrafo, las oraciones y las frases

 Sema,  Clasemas, Sememas y  Lexemas 

Y las estructuras menores son: las palabras, las sílabas, las letras o fonemas.

Como se observó en el esquema los significados de un texto se pueden descomponer en unidades mínimas  de significación semántica.

Todas esas unidades mínimas se pueden definir:

Definiciones  Sema,  Clasemas, Sememas y  Lexemas  

El sema

  • Se define sema como la unidad mínima de significación, que no se puede realizar  de manera independiente.
  • Es más bien un concepto abstracto que permite descomponer el significado.
  • Tienen un carácter binario.
  • En el sema se pueden denominar rasgo y componentes semánticos.
  • Y los que son de carácter denotativo son los que el núcleo significativo, de aquellos semas son connotativos y tiene un carácter inestable.

El clasema

  • Se define el clasema, como un conjunto de semas genéricos de un semema.
  • Es también  es un rasgo distintivo mediante los cuales se define una clase léxica.

El semema

  • El Semema se define como el conjunto de semas que caracterizan un lexema;
  • Y un lexema está compuesto por un conjunto de semas

El archisemema:

  • Se va definir archisemema como el sema, que comparte todos los sememas de un campo semánticos.
  • Estos pueden expresarse en un  archilexema.

El lexema:

  • Se le denomina lexema al elemento que contiene la significación de una palabra.
  • Es lo que tradicionalmente se conoce como Raíz.

El campo semántico :

  • El campo semánticos se denomina al conjunto de estructuras paradigmáticas constituidas por unidades léxicas.
  • Son elemento que se reparten una zona de significación que son comunes.


Ejemplo de identificación de
Sema,  Clasemas, Sememas y  Lexemas Sema,  Clasemas, Sememas y  Lexemas 


18 Replies to “Sema,  Clasemas, Sememas y  Lexemas ”

  1. I don’t know whether it’s just me or if perhaps everyone else encountering problems with your website.

    It appears as though some of the written text in your content are running
    off the screen. Can someone else please provide feedback
    and let me know if this is happening to them too? This could be
    a issue with my browser because I’ve had this happen previously.
    Appreciate it

  2. It is the best time to make some plans for the future and it’s
    time to be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could
    I want to suggest you few interesting things or tips.

    Perhaps you could write next articles referring to this article.
    I desire to read more things about it!

  3. Excellent post. Keep posting such kind of info on your page.
    Im really impressed by your site.
    Hi there, You have performed a fantastic job. I will
    definitely digg it and in my opinion suggest to my friends.
    I’m sure they’ll be benefited from this web site.

  4. Hello There. I discovered your blog the usage of msn. That is an extremely well written article.
    I’ll be sure to bookmark it and come back to learn more of your useful info.
    Thanks for the post. I’ll definitely return.

  5. I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you design this website yourself or did you hire someone
    to do it for you? Plz answer back as I’m looking to create my own blog
    and would like to know where u got this from.


  6. you are actually a good webmaster. The site loading pace is amazing.
    It seems that you’re doing any distinctive trick. In addition, The contents
    are masterwork. you’ve done a wonderful job on this topic!

  7. It is appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy.
    I’ve read this post and if I could I wish to suggest you
    some interesting things or tips. Maybe you could write next articles referring to this article.
    I desire to read even more things about it!

  8. Hey there! I know this is kinda off topic nevertheless I’d figured I’d ask.
    Would you be interested in exchanging links or maybe guest authoring
    a blog article or vice-versa? My website addresses a lot of the same subjects
    as yours and I feel we could greatly benefit
    from each other. If you happen to be interested feel free to send me an e-mail.
    I look forward to hearing from you! Excellent blog by the way!

  9. Wow that was unusual. I just wrote an incredibly
    long comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn’t show up.
    Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over again. Anyway,
    just wanted to say fantastic blog!

  10. I simply couldn’t depart your website prior to suggesting that I actually
    loved the standard info an individual provide on your guests?
    Is going to be again ceaselessly in order to investigate cross-check new posts

  11. I feel this is among the so much important info for me.
    And i am happy studying your article. But want to observation on some common issues, The website taste is great, the articles is in point of fact great : D.
    Good activity, cheers

  12. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own blog and was wondering what all is needed to get set up? I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny? I’m not very internet smart so I’m not 100 positive. Any recommendations or advice would be greatly appreciated. Appreciate it

  13. I conceive this website has got some really good information for everyone :D. “Time–our youth–it never really goes, does it It is all held in our minds.” by Helen Hoover Santmyer.

Deja un comentario

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada.

Esta pagina tiene coockies. ¿Las aceptas? Más información.