Todo lo que debes saber para el examen de redacción 2019

Todo lo que debes saber para el examen de redacción 2019

 

La prueba de redacción y Ortografía 

Debido a ello y con el deseo de poder ayudarte a realizar estos exámenes con éxito, recopilamos la información más importante que debes tener a mano tanto previo como durante la prueba.

Lo principal que debes saber para la prueba de evaluación de redacción del MEP:

  • Esta prueba equivale al 50% del examen de español; el porcentaje restante pertenece al de literatura y gramática.
  • Tenés dos horas para realizarlo.
  • Para su redacción te darán cuatro temas basados en la realidad nacional, de los cuales debes escoger uno y redactarlo de la mejor manera.
  • Las composiciones son revisadas por cerca de 50 docentes activos o pensionados y de manera manual.

 

Consejos para examen de Redacción y Composición  2019

Ministerio de Educación pública

1.LOS TEMAS: El MEP le sugerirá 4 temas a cada estudiante; por ello, cada uno deberá escoger aquel que domine más. (No los cambie por ningún motivo).

2.OTRA El TIEMPO:  se recomienda que los 120 minutos de duración deben distribuirse de la siguiente manera:

  • 15 min. para escoger el tema y elaborar el esquema de las ideas. * Observe como planificar un texto
  • 65 min para redactar el trabajo en borrador, revisarlo y mejorarlo
  • 35 min para pasar el trabajo en limpio
  • 5 min para la revisión final del trabajo para calificar.
  • Distribúyalo bien e intente no pegarse en una idea.

 

3. IMPORTANTE para el examen de redacción:

  • Deje sangría al inicio de cada párrafo.
  • No escriba fuera de los márgenes.
  • No deje renglones entre párrafos.

4. Aplique correctamente la división silábica:

cuando una palabra no cabe al final del renglón, aplique la división silábica. Para dividir correctamente debe obedecer las leyes:

  • El hiato (sí se separa)
  • El diptongo (no se separa)
  • El triptongo (no se separa)

 

5.  No se incluya en la redacción

Evite expresiones como “yo creo” y “yo pienso, escriba en forma impersonal. además evite emplear palabras como  nosotros, nos y demás .

6. Reglas de ortografía:

  • Use la mayúscula correctamente para referirse a nombres propios (María, Pedro, Corey, Aslan, Club Sport Herediano, entre otros), Números romanos (XX, III, V), siglas (ICE, UCR, INA), al inicio de una oración y después de punto, abreviaturas (Dra., Sr.), edades históricas (Edad Media, Edad Moderna), nombres de obras artísticas (El niño con el pijama de rayas), entre otros.
  • Evite el error conocido como cosismo (no utilice palabras como cosa, chunche, algo y vara, pues se caracterizan por ser imprecisas).
    • Por ejemplo evite escribir “El amor es una cosa esplendorosa” y corregirlo por “El amor es un sentimiento esplendoroso”.
  • Evite el error conocido como cacofonía (la repetición innecesaria de sonidos). Soluciónelo mediante sinónimos.
    • Por ejemplo: “El temor al error nos llena de horror” (está mal escrito porque repite mucho el sonido or, se puede corregir de la siguiente manera: “El temor al fracaso nos llena de miedo”).
  • Evite errores de ambigüedad: recuerde que una frase ambigua destaca por ser confusa, por tener doble significado.
    • Por ejemplo, “Se vende cuna para niño de madera” (es ambigua porque no sabemos qué es de madera, el niño o la cuna?). En cambio: “Se vende cuna de madera para niño”. Se entiende mejor
  • Evite errores de redundancia (Este se manifiesta en frases que repiten palabras o ideas.)
    • Por ejemplo, si escribo “Sus obras póstumas se publicarán después de su muerte”, se comete una grave redundancia porque se sobrentiende que el término póstumo señala un acontecimiento o situación que ocurrirá después de un fallecimiento.
  • Por ende, para solucionarlo, solo debo eliminar lo que está de más. Lo correcto sería escribir: “Sus obras póstumas se publicarán”.

7.  Las tildes:

  • Recuerde que las palabras AGUDAS: son aquellas que llevan en la última sílaba y se tildan todas las terminadas en N, S o Vocal.
    • Por ejemplo: jamás, razón, reloj.
  • Las GRAVES  son las palabras que llevan el acento en la antepenúltima sílaba. Ademas se tildan todas, excepto las terminadas en N, S o Vocal.
    • Por ejemplo: razones, árbol, ángel, caramelo.
  • Las ESDRÚJULAS  son aquellas que llevan el acento en la antepenúltima sílaba y se tildan todas.
    • Por ejemplo: pájaro, México, cámara.

 

8. Escriba con letra legible, no aglutine las palabras, evite el uso de corrector (NO LO USE) y extra utilice lapicero azul, ya que hace que se vea más ordenado.

9. Para que no corra el riesgo de obtener un 1 como calificación:

  • Evite desvíearse  del tema.
  • Asegúrese de que el título corresponda con lo redactado.
  • No escriba menos de la extensión mínima requerida (300 palabras para estudiantes regulares y 200 para estudiantes con algún tipo de adecuación).
  • Además no utilice vocabulario soez o vulgar.
  •  Evita el  plagio.
  • No utilices palabras extrajeras; si estas tienen significado en español, es mejor escribirlas así.
  • Cuidado con escribir un cuentos, canciones o poemas.

Algunos Temas para  practicar redacción para estudiantes 2019

1-La importancia del voto en Costa Rica.
2-Las muertes en carretera: una estadística en aumento.
3-El tren: un medio de transporte que ahorra tiempo.
4-El bullying: un tipo de violencia que debe detenerse ya.
5-El fútbol: una disciplina que une al mundo.
6-La pérdida de valores en la sociedad costarricense.
7-La conservación del medio ambiente y sus beneficios para las generaciones futuras.
8-La donación de órganos: un acto voluntario.
9-La violencia doméstica en el núcleo familiar.
10-La tecnología y el desarrollo que impulsa.
11-La importancia del buen manejo de las medidas de seguridad frente a un desastre: el caso de Guatemala.
12-Democracia: un privilegio del ciudadano costarricense.
13-El desempleo en Costa Rica.
14-El aumento de la violencia en la vía pública.
15-Polémica: Argentina y el aborto.
16-El aumento de la tasa de suicidios en Costa Rica: ¿Será este una ruta de escape?
17-Mi paso por el colegio.
18-Los exámenes de bachillerato: una barrera?
19-San José: capital dominada por la suciedad y la indigencia.
20-Quiero que me llamen por mi nombre: los trans y las células de identidad.
21-El matrimonio igualitario: ¿un derecho?                                                        22-La construcción de la masculinidad y la femineidad.
23-El impacto del discurso fundamentalista religioso en la campaña electoral.
24-La importancia de la creación y promoción de actividades deportivas.  25-  Fiestas, drogas y alcohol: La falsa vida de los jóvenes

 

 

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