El Boom Latinoamericano

El Boom Latinoamericano

El Boom Latinoamericano

El Boom latinoamericano fue un fenómeno editorial que surgió entre los años 1960 y 1970, cuando el trabajo de un
grupo de novelistas latinoamericanos relativamente joven fue ampliamente distribuido en Europa y en todo el
mundo.

Para la década de los cincuentas se produce el quiebre de la literatura del El Realismo y la novela  ultraísta.

La nueva novela Latinoamericana , va irrumpir en los escenarios literarios en los años 40  con nuevas temáticas y formas de expresión que se van a consagrar con El Boom .

Los precursores del boom latinoamericano fueron Alejo Carpentier de Cuba, Miguel Ángel Asturias de Guatemala, quien además se convirtió en el primer novelista latinoamericano en recibir el Premio Nobel de literatura, y Jorge Luis Borges de Argentina, escritores que forjaron la nueva narrativa hispanoamericana.

 

Características del Boom Latinoamericano

  • No era un movimiento ni un tipo de escuela sino un lanzamiento editorial para comercializar los libros alrededor del mundo.

  • Los escritores del Boom fueron quienes difundieron el género conocido como Realismo Mágico.

  • A través de sus escritos expresaban las distintas realidades de sus países, combinadas con toques de fantasía.

  • Escritores comprometidos, generalmente muy políticos.

  • Las novelas del Boom son esencialmente modernistas. Tratan al tiempo de una manera no lineal, suelen utilizar más de una perspectiva o la voz narrativa y cuentan con un gran número de neologismos (la acuñación de nuevas palabras o frases), juegos de palabras e incluso blasfemias.

  • Trataban recurrentemente temas como la degradada vida de los aborígenes originarios, el poder y el abuso desmedido de las oligarquías, la represión y el miedo interpuesto por las dictaduras, pero en realidad abarcaban un espectro muy amplio de temáticas.

  • Experimentaron mezclando diversas técnicas narrativas: circularidad (recurso que consiste en escribir el final con las mismas palabras del comienzo), constantes idas y vueltas en el tiempo (tiempo no-lineal), monólogos interiores, eliminación parcial o total de signos de puntuación, polifonía (incluir varias voces entremezcladas, o separadas pero de manera recurrente), etc.

¿ Cuales son los Autores destacados del Boom Latinoamericano?

  • Jorge Luis Borges (argentino)

  • Gabriel García Márquez (colombiano)

  • Miguel Ángel Asturias (guatemalteco)

  • Alejo Carpentier (cubano)

  • Julio Cortázar (argentino)

  • Carlos Fuentes (mexicano)

  • Manuel Rojas (chileno)

  • Mario Vargas Llosa (peruano)

  • Ernesto Sábato (argentino)

  • Juan Carlos Onetti (uruguayo)

Referencia de consulta

Lyotard, J.(1986). La posmodernidad (explicada a los niños). México: Gedisa

Gamerro, C. Harold Bloom y el canon literario. españa: Campo de ideas

 

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